One Porsche version had a gasoline-electric drive (fundamentally identical to a Diesel-electric transmission, only using a gasoline-fueled engine as the prime mover), similar to a gasoline-electric hybrid but without a storage battery; two separate drivetrains in parallel, one per side of the tank, each consisting of a hybrid drive train; gasoline engine–electric generator–electric motor–drive sprocket. In 1942 alone, at least six revisions were made, starting with the removal of the Vorpanzer (frontal armour shield) from the pre-production models in April. Against the Soviet and Western Allied production numbers, even a 10:1 kill ratio was not sufficient. In several cases engine failures have to be put down to the missing remote engine thermometer.  There was also a program using the Simmering-Graz-Pauker Sla.16 engine, but the war's constraint on supplies and capitulation resulted in the cancellation of this program. . Efforts were hastened to get cruiser tanks armed with 17-pounder guns into operation. , Notwithstanding its initial reliability problems, the Tiger II was remarkably agile for such a heavy vehicle. 181. , On the Eastern Front, it was first used on 12 August 1944 by the 501st Heavy Panzer Battalion (s.H.Pz.Abt. Three men were seated in the turret; the loader to the right of the gun facing to the rear, the gunner to the left of the gun, and the commander behind him. The VK 36.01 (H) was intended to weigh 40 tonnes, with 100 mm (4 in) of armour on front surfaces, 80 mm on turret sides and 60 mm on the hull sides. The transmission was the Maybach OLVAR EG 40 12 16 Model B, giving eight forward gears and four reverse, which drove the steering gear. To support the considerable weight of the Tiger, the tracks were 725 mm (2 ft 4.5 in) wide. Presumably, German engineers, based on the experience of the half tracks, felt that the improvement in off-road performance, track and wheel life, mobility with wheels missing or damaged, plus additional protection from enemy fire was worth the maintenance difficulties of a complex system vulnerable to mud and ice. This was especially true on the Western Front where, until the arrival of the few M26 Pershings in 1945 and the few M4A3E2 Sherman "Jumbo"s that were scattered around Europe after D-Day, as well as a few late Churchill models, neither the British nor US forces brought heavy tanks into service. 220 to 311 pounds. 501) arrived on the Eastern Front with only eight out of 45 tanks operational; these faults were mostly due to drive-train failures. These self-propelled guns both mounted the large, 152 mm howitzer-gun. sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFGreenBrown2008 (, sfn error: multiple targets (2×): CITEREFBirdLivingston2001 (. the ZiS-3 – as the gun's performance was excessive for early German armour). The first five Tiger IIs delivered to the Panzer Lehr Division broke down before they could be used in combat, and were destroyed to prevent capture. The Tiger II is a German heavy tank of the Second World War. The 56-calibre long 8.8 cm KwK 36 was chosen for the Tiger. An inflatable doughnut-shaped ring sealed the turret ring. 12-cylinder Maybach HL210 P45 developing 485 kW (650 hp) at 3,000 rpm. The humorous and somewhat racy crew manual, the Tigerfibel, was the first of its kind for the German Army and its success resulted in more unorthodox manuals that attempted to emulate its style. Basically, it represents the Tiger I which was used in the mid springs of 1944 in World War II. This approach was carried on, in various forms, to the Panther and the non-interleaved wheel design for the Tiger II.  The direction and speed of traverse were controlled by the gunner through foot pedals, or a control lever near his left arm. By September 1943 at the latest, the Allies had information about the production of the Tiger tank. Nothing epitomises armored conflict to the general public like its massive structure on the battlefield. The cast-iron block allowed for larger cylinders (and thus, greater displacement) which increased the power output to 521 kW (700 hp). During practice, the estimated probability of a first-round hit on a 2 m (6 ft 7 in) high, 2.5 m (8 ft 2 in) wide target was 100 percent at 1,000 m (0.62 mi), 95–97 percent at 1,500 m (0.93 mi) and 85–87 percent at 2,000 m (1.2 mi), depending on ammunition type.  It was still initially used on the SU-85 self-propelled gun (based on a T-34 chassis) from August 1943. Behind them the turret floor was surrounded by panels forming a continuous level surface. To save space, the swing arms were leading on one side and trailing on the other. , The Schwere Heeres Panzer Abteilung 501 (s.H.Pz.Abt. Believed to have carried turret number 123, Colonel Michel Aubry, the founder of the museum, decided to put 233 on the turret in honour of the Tiger II that destroyed his Sherman tank at the end of the war. Four prototype hulls were completed for testing. This flat construction encouraged angling the Tiger hull roughly 30-45° when firing in order to increase effective thickness. Unlike the Panther tank, the designs did not incorporate sloped armour. The crew were expected to change to normal battle tracks as soon as the tank was unloaded. Five engines have reached more than 3,000km without essential failures. Lab testing found that the armour plates lacked molybdenum (ascribed to a loss of supply, being replaced by vanadium), resulting in low malleability. 3rd SS Totenkopf retained its Tiger I company through the entire war.  The turret could also be traversed manually, but this option was rarely used, except for very small adjustments.. However, the operation failed and the Germans were again put on the defensive. The turret had a full circular floor and 157 cm headroom. The tank weighed almost 70 tonnes, and was protected by 100 to 185 mm (3.9 to 7.3 in) of armour to the front. The extreme weight of the tank also required a new steering system. [notes 2] The chassis was also the basis for the Jagdtiger turretless Jagdpanzer anti-tank vehicle. However, at over 50 tonnes dead weight, the suspension, gearboxes, and other such items had clearly reached their design limits and breakdowns were frequent if regular maintenance was not undertaken. , The first combat use of the Tiger II was by the 1st Company of the 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion (s.H.Pz.Abt. It proved capable of passing completely through its "colleague", a Tiger Ausf B's turret at a range of 400 m. The armour of one vehicle was tested by firing at it with shells between 100 and 152 mm calibre.  Both prototype series used the same turret design from Krupp; the main differences were in the hull, transmission, suspension and automotive features.. Yuri Pasholok however posted a Russian document, where these weights are written for Powered turret traverse was provided by the variable speed Boehringer-Sturm L4S hydraulic motor, which was driven from the main engine by a secondary drive shaft. A full rotation took about a minute. Wa Prüf 6 was not supportive of this as the Heer had not accepted the cannon itself. The tank was given its nickname "Tiger" by Ferdinand Porsche, and the Roman numeral was added after the later Tiger II entered production. The Br-471B projectile was ordered in early 1945, but arrived too late to be issued for combat in Europe.  It took about twice as long to build a Tiger I as another German tank of the period. Buy or hire a new or used 20ft shipping containers. Overall weight was to be 33 tonnes. The 120 mm hull armour of the Soviet IS-2 model 1943 would be defeated between 100 and 300 m (0.062 and 0.186 mi) at the driver's front plate and nose. The Wa Pruef report estimated that the Tiger's 88 mm gun would be capable of penetrating the differential case of an American M4 Sherman from 2,100 m (1.3 mi) and the turret front from 1,800 m (1.1 mi), but the Tiger's 88 mm gun would not penetrate the upper glacis plate at any range. The 8.8 cm KwK 43 gave positive results in penetration and accuracy, which were on par with the 122 mm D-25T. Two were lost in combat, while the company commander's tank became irrecoverably trapped after falling into a bomb crater created during Operation Goodwood.  Among others, five raids between 22 September and 7 October 1944 destroyed 95 percent of the floor area of the Henschel plant. In first gear, at a speed of a few km/h, the minimal turning radius was 3.44 m (11 ft 3 in). An engine governor was subsequently installed, capping the engine at 2,600 rpm and the Tiger's maximum speed to about 38 kilometres per hour (24 mph). Triumph is the best company in the world that Its predecessors balanced mobility, armour and firepower, and were sometimes outgunned by their opponents. The data used here is from the Soviet Military Intelligence Service. The Tiger II is best used as a sniper (mainly due to its powerful gun); but when needed it can provide direct support for advancing units.When used as a sniper, it is best that you find a position with a good overview of the battlefield. Further development of the Durchbruchwagen was dropped in 1938 in favour of the larger and better-armoured VK 30.01 (H) and VK 36.01 (H) designs. 182. American tank crews didn’t scream “tiger” every time they saw a German tank for no reason. This was achieved for the loss of 1,725 Tigers (including large numbers of operational and strategic losses, i.e. 40/43 projectile between the same ranges. When the improved Tiger II began production in January 1944, the Tiger I was soon phased out.  Armour plates were mostly flat, with interlocking construction. It was then advisable to keep as cool as possible and take care of the enemy, before the second aimed shot was fired. [i][page needed] After repairs, the tank was sent to England for a thorough inspection. The due date for the new prototypes was set for 20 April 1942, Adolf Hitler's 53rd birthday. The engine was in V-form, with two cylinder banks set at 60 degrees. The 2020 Triumph Tiger 900 Rally and Rally Pro models are dedicated off-road adventure bikes. Nobody expected this.…. The Sherman's upgraded 76 mm gun might penetrate the Tiger's driver's front plate from 600 m, the nose from 400 m and the turret front from 700 m. The M3 90 mm cannon used as a towed anti-aircraft and anti-tank gun, and later mounted in the M36 tank destroyer and finally the late-war M26 Pershing, could penetrate the Tiger's front plate at a range of 1,000 m using standard ammunition, and from beyond 2,000 m when using HVAP. In May 1943, the Red Army deployed the SU-152, which was replaced in 1944 by the ISU-152. The tank's weight also made driving through buildings risky, as the presence of a cellar could result in a sudden drop. In the North African Campaign, the Tiger I first saw action during the Tunisia Campaign on 1 December 1942 east of Tebourba when three Tigers attacked an olive grove 5 km west of Djedeida. 268 used FuG 7 and FuG 5 radios with a two-metre rod antenna mounted on the turret roof and a 1.4 metre rod antenna mounted on the rear deck. The Tigers were hit by a number of M3 Lee tanks firing at a range of 80 to 100 metres. During the rainy period that brought on the autumn rasputitsa mud season and onwards into the winter conditions on the Eastern front, the roadwheels of a Schachtellaufwerk-equipped vehicle could also become packed with mud or snow that could then freeze. Tiger tank model kit is 240mm long. Panzer VI eller Tiger var en tysk kampvogn i tjeneste fra sent i 1942 til slutningen af 2. verdenskrig. The 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion was deployed to the Don Front in the autumn of 1942, but arrived too late to participate in Operation Winter Storm, the attempt to relieve Stalingrad. , The Tiger II was issued to heavy tank battalions of the Army and the Waffen-SS. A good driver is essential for the successful deployment of the Tiger, he must have a good technical training and has to keep his nerve in critical situations…. Fireflies were successfully used against Tigers; in one engagement, a single Firefly destroyed three Tigers in 12 minutes with five rounds. With the location sketches of the manufacturing facilities, the Allied bombers were given precise air strikes.. The top and bottom armour was 25 mm (1 in) thick; from March 1944, the turret roof was thickened to 40 mm (1.6 in).  Porsche worked on an updated version of their VK 30.01 (P) Leopard tank prototype while Henschel worked on an improved VK 36.01 (H) tank. The Tiger II only ever used the steel tired wheels, as did those Jagdtigers fitted with the Henschel suspension.  The Tiger had 60 mm (2.4 in) thick hull side plates and 80 mm armour on the side superstructure/sponsons, while turret sides and rear were 80 mm. Further testing showed that the armour plate itself exhibited deficiencies in quality compared to earlier German tanks such as the Tiger I and Panther. While the Tiger I has been called an outstanding design for its time, it has also been called over-engineered, using expensive materials and labour-intensive production methods. Tiger crews often resorted to using another Tiger to tow the damaged vehicle, but this was not recommended as it often caused overheating and engine breakdown. To cut costs, the submersion capability and an external air-filtration system were dropped.  Over 2,000 Fireflies were built during the war. It has the production turret and is accessible to the public.  The track replacement and wheel removal took 30 minutes for each side of the tank. Expecting an order for his tank, Porsche built 100 chassis. The ZiS-2 had better armour penetration than the 76 mm F-34 tank gun used by most Red Army tanks, or the ZiS-3 76 mm divisional cannon, but was still inadequate against Tigers. abandoned, broken down, etc.).. It was classified with ordnance inventory designation Sd.Kfz. Germany's Argus Motoren, where Hermann Klaue had invented a ring brake in 1940, supplied them for the Arado Ar 96 and also supplied the 55 cm disc. This tank belonged to the 1st Company, 101st SS Heavy Panzer Battalion. The rear of the tank held an engine compartment flanked by two separate rear compartments each containing a fuel tank and radiator. The Porsche hull designs included a rear-mounted turret and a mid-mounted engine. On the other hand, antitank guns counted twice as much to the experienced tanker. The Germans were shocked to encounter Soviet T-34 medium and KV-1 heavy tanks, and, according to Henschel designer Erwin Aders: "There was great consternation when it was discovered that the Soviet tanks were superior to anything available to the Heer."..  The closest counterpart to the Tiger from the United States was the M26 Pershing (around 200 deployed to the European Theater of Operations (ETO) during the war[page needed]) and the IS-2 from the USSR (about 3,800 built during the conflict).  The first loss to an Allied gun was on 20 January 1943 near Robaa, when a battery of the British 72nd Anti-Tank Regiment knocked out a Tiger with their 6-pounder (57 mm) anti-tank guns. A high and a low speed setting was available to the gunner via a lever on his right. A 6-pounder solid shot from a Churchill tank of the British 48th Royal Tank Regiment hit the Tiger's gun barrel and ricocheted into its turret ring, jamming its traverse and wounding the commander. This was set against the loss of 25 Tiger IIs; ten were knocked out by Soviet troops and burned out, two were sent back to Vienna for a factory overhaul, while thirteen were blown up by their crews for various reasons, usually to prevent them from falling into enemy hands. Panzerkampfwagen VI Ausf. Many modifications were introduced during the production run to improve automotive performance, firepower and protection. , The only working example is displayed at the Musée des Blindés, Saumur, France. The Tiger I gave the German Army its first armoured fighting vehicle that mounted the 8.8 cm KwK 36 gun (derived from the 8.8 cm Flak 36). The Tiger II was under-powered, like many other heavy tanks of World War II, and consumed a lot of fuel, which was in short supply for the Germans. Tiger Containers offers strong 20ft shipping containers for all types of needs. The conservators have kept the damage caused by the ricochet unpainted; it can be observed at the Bovington Tank museum. . This gun was aimed using Zeiss Turmzielfernrohr TZF 9b/9c sights and was renowned for its accuracy at long range. The engine drove the front sprockets through a drivetrain connecting to a transmission in the front portion of the lower hull; the front sprockets had to be mounted relatively low as a result. Removing an inner wheel that had lost its solid rubber tire (a common occurrence) required the removal of up to nine other wheels first. In Italy, a demolition carrier version of the Tiger I without a main gun was built by maintenance crews in an effort to find a way to clear minefields.  On 12 January 1945, a column of Tiger IIs among other tanks from 524th Heavy Panzer Battalion were involved in a short-range engagement with T-34 85 tanks near the village of Lisow, with the Germans leaving behind 5 Tiger IIs, 7 Tiger Is and 5 Panthers for the loss of 4 T-34 85 tanks burnt out.  Because these German tanks suffered ammunition explosions, which caused many crew fatalities, main gun rounds were no longer allowed to be stowed within the turret, reducing capacity to 68. Firing trials of the new 85 mm D-5T also had proved disappointing. They share the same engine as the base Tiger 900 motorcycle, an 888cc liquid-cooled DOHC inline triple producing 94 HP The A30 Challenger was already at the prototype stage in 1942, but this tank was relatively unprotected, having a front hull thickness of 64 mm, and in the end was fielded in only limited numbers (around 200 were ordered in 1943), though crews liked it for its high speed. The right suspension of one of the tanks had to be completely replaced, and its full functionality could not be re-established. The Tiger differed from earlier German tanks principally in its design philosophy. On 21 April 1943, a Tiger I of the 504th German heavy tank battalion, with turret number 131, was captured on a hill called Djebel Djaffa in Tunisia. When engaging targets, Tiger crews were encouraged to angle the hull to the 10:30 or 1:30 clock position (45 degrees) relative to the target, an orientation referred to as the Mahlzeit Stellung. 1,355 had been built by August 1944, when production ceased. Weight increase to 45 tonnes and an increase in gun calibre to 8.8 cm was ordered. It is estimated that this caused the loss in production of some 657 Tiger IIs. The jammed track was also a big problem itself, since due to high tension, it was often impossible to split the track by removing the track pins. The ammunition for the Tiger had electrically fired primers.  The double radius steering gear was initially particularly prone to failure. The capture of three operational Tiger IIs allowed the Soviets to conduct tests at Kubinka and to evaluate its strengths and weaknesses, On 15 October 1944, Tiger IIs of 503rd Heavy Panzer Battalion played a crucial role during Operation Panzerfaust, supporting Otto Skorzeny's troops in taking the Hungarian capital of Budapest, which ensured that the country remained with the Axis until the end of the war.  At least 150 Tiger IIs were present, nearly a third of total production, and most were lost during the course of the offensive. They were not used in combat. This method of propulsion had been attempted before on the Tiger (P) (later Elefant prototypes) and in some US designs and was put into production in the WW1 Saint-Chamond tank and the post-WW1 FCM Char 2C. The tank broke down again every 10–15 km. The tank was also immune to Soviet anti-tank rifle fire to the sides and rear. The final version of the tank … The penetrations to the right gun opening were influenced by previous 100 mm projectile penetration hits or armour damage. Unlike other captured German vehicles, this Tiger II was never used by the French Army. 503) claimed approximately 500 kills in the period from January to April 1945 on the Eastern Front for the loss of 45 Tiger IIs (most of which were abandoned and destroyed by their own crews after mechanical breakdowns or for lack of fuel).  This conclusion was partly based on the correct estimate that Tigers would be encountered in relatively small numbers, and on the assumption that anti-tank gun-fire (as in Tunisia and Sicily) rather than tanks could knock them out..  However, in service, Tigers were frequently transported by rail with their combat tracks fitted, as long as the train crew knew there were no narrow tunnels or other obstructions on the route that would prevent an oversized load from passing, despite this practice being strictly forbidden. Sturmtigers were built on refurbished Tiger I tank hulls in late 1944, so they all received the new wheels, even if the original tank hadn’t. All occurring breakdowns resulted from the low quality of driver training. Transverse torsion bar suspension supported the hull on nine axles per side. 20° turret rotation required 40 full cranks of the handwheel, and to turn the turret a full 360° the gunner would be required to crank the handwheel 720 full revolutions). Forward was an open crew compartment, with the driver and radio-operator seated at the front on either side of the gearbox. The suspension was the same as on the Elefant tank destroyer. 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